The construction sector is one of the largest sectors in the Israeli economy, with investments accounting for more than 7% of the GDP. Buildings and engineering structures have unusually long practical longevity as compared with any other engineering project. Most of the structures and buildings that will be designed and built in the coming years will continue to serve the public well into the next century. Alongside these new projects will continue to exist a significant proportion of the structures and buildings that were built during the decades of the last century. Therefore the life span of construction projects has to be planned for tens and even hundreds of years. Building research is intended to provide the knowledge base needed for engineering and managerial decision making in planning, design and implementation of building projects taking into consideration the total life cycle of a project. Research findings accumulated over the years contribute to the overall professional knowledge that streamlines management and construction processes on the one hand, promotes safety, quality and durability of buildings and structures on the other hand, and enables sustainable development for the benefit of society at large.

Research undertaken at NBRI deals with subject matters aimed at reducing the knowledge gaps that exist in important areas of the construction sector such as: earthquake-resistant structural resistance, structural protection, soil-structure interaction, improving energy performance of buildings, sustainable development, concrete and building materials with improved performance, utilization of by-products in the construction industry, lean construction management, advanced building modeling, quality assurance and quality control. Institute researchers are well informed about state-of-the-art international knowledge, and form an integral part of the international research community. Their research contributes to consolidating, deepening and enriching the research and knowledge base in the field of construction both on the national and international scales.

Research conducted at NBRI is funded by various professional funding sources (such as the Ministry of Construction and Housing which designates each year a budget dedicated to research at the Institute, other government ministries, construction industry, building industries, construction companies, the Israel Insurance Association, Association of Imported Concrete Manufacturers, the Israel Builders Association,  and others), or by competitive national and international foundations (including the Israel National Council for Research and Development, the European Community, German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development (GIF), Israel-U.S. Binational Industrial Research and Development Foundation (BIRD), and others).

Research activities are conducted within the framework of the Institute’s four primary departments, but research teams are set up as either a primarily unidisciplinary or multidisciplinary group according to the specific requirements of each research project.

NBRI researchers publish their research reports in Hebrew. These reports elaborate the details of the research work and its results, making it easily accessible to the Israeli profession. In addition,researchers expose their work and findings to international review by publishing articles in English speaking peer reviewed journals and conferences abroad.